Saturday, September 3, 2016

Prevention and Management of Tuberculosis in Transplant Recipients: From Guidelines to Clinical Practice

Transplantation - Most Popular Articles Prevention and Management of Tuberculosis in Transplant Recipients: From Guidelines to Clinical Practice

imageAbstract: Transplant recipients are at increased risk for tuberculosis (TB), which can adversely affect graft viability and patient survival. Scientific societies and official organizations have therefore issued guidelines and consensus statements for TB prevention and treatment. However, due to the poor supporting evidence, the current recommendations largely rely on expert opinion rather than on properly designed studies. In this overview, we aim to gather together the previous experience and compare and contrast the main current guidelines on the prevention and treatment of TB in solid organ transplantation and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

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Thursday, September 1, 2016

Cancer Screening Recommendations for Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: A Systematic Review of Clinical Practice Guidelines

Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) are at increased risk of developing and dying from cancer. However, controversies exist around cancer screening in this population owing to reduced life expectancy and competing causes of death. This systematic review assesses the availability, quality and consistency of cancer screening recommendations in clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). We systematically searched bibliographic databases and gray literature to identify CPGs and assessed their quality using AGREE II. Recommendations were extracted along with their supporting evidence. Thirteen guidelines were included in the review. CPGs for kidney recipients were the most frequent source of screening recommendations, and recommendations for skin cancer screening were most frequently presented. Some screening recommendations differed from those for the general population, based on literature demonstrating higher cancer incidence among SOTRs versus direct evidence of screening effectiveness. Relevant stakeholders such as oncology specialists, primary care providers and public health experts were not involved in the formulation of the screening recommendations. In conclusion, although several guidelines make recommendations for cancer screening in SOTRs, the availability of cancer screening recommendations varied considerably by transplanted organ. More studies are required to inform cancer screening recommendations in SOTRs, and guideline development should involve transplant patients, oncologists and cancer screening specialists.