Wednesday, September 25, 2013
Sent with Reeder
Alberto Reino Buelvas
Tuesday, September 24, 2013
Patients in the BENEFIT-EXT study received extended criteria donor kidneys and a more intensive (MI) or less intensive (LI) belatacept immunosuppression regimen, or cyclosporine A (CsA). Patients who remained on assigned therapy through year 3 were eligible to enter a long-term extension (LTE) study. Three hundred four patients entered the LTE (n = 104 MI; n = 113 LI; n = 87 CsA), and 260 continued treatment through year 5 (n = 91 MI; n = 100 LI; n = 69 CsA). Twenty patients died during the LTE (n = 5 MI; n = 9 LI; n = 6 CsA), and eight experienced graft loss (n = 2 MI; n = 1 LI; n = 5 CsA). Three patients experienced an acute rejection episode (n = 2 MI; n = 1 LI). The incidence rate of serious adverse events, viral infections and fungal infections was similar across groups during the LTE. There were four cases of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) from the beginning of the LTE to year 5 (n = 3 LI; n = 1 CsA); two of three PTLD cases in the LI group were in patients who were seronegative for Epstein–Barr virus (EBV(−)) at transplantation. Mean ± SD calculated GFR at year 5 was 55.9 ± 17.5 (MI), 59.0 ± 29.1 (LI) and 44.6 ± 16.4 (CsA) mL/min/1.73 m2. Continued treatment with belatacept was associated with a consistent safety profile and sustained improvement in renal function versus CsA over time.
Long-Term Belatacept Exposure Maintains Efficacy and Safety at 5 Years: Results From the Long-Term Extension of the BENEFIT Study.
- Rostaing L, Vincenti F, Grinyó J, et al.
- Long-Term Belatacept Exposure Maintains Efficacy and Safety at 5 Years: Results From the Long-Term Extension of the BENEFIT Study. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Am J Transplant 2013 Sep 18.
Friday, September 6, 2013
After renal transplantation (RTX), hypercalcemia, mainly due to persistent hyperparathyroidism, and hypophosphatemia, caused by the improved ability to excrete phosphorus in the renal tubules, are expected. However, immediately after RTX, a transient reduction in serum calcium (Ca) levels has been previously reported, the reason for which is not clear.
Patients and Methods
In 21 patients receiving ABO compatible living donor kidney transplants, serum levels of Ca, phosphorus, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, and tacrolimus were measured within three wk after RTX, along with urinary Ca and phosphorus excretion. The immunosuppressive regimen consisted of a three-drug combination including a glucocorticoid, a calcineurin inhibitor, and an antimetabolite agent.
Serum Ca levels declined significantly during the first post-operative week. Urinary Ca excretion increased immediately after RTX and gradually normalized. Increased urinary Ca excretion did not correlate with serum levels of iPTH and tacrolimus.
Immediately after RTX, regardless of serum iPTH and tacrolimus levels, transient increases in urinary Ca excretion and hypocalcemia were observed. Administration of glucocorticoids is one potential cause of inappropriate urinary Ca wasting.