Planned conversion from tacrolimus to sirolimus was evaluated in de novo kidney transplant recipients. In this multicenter, randomized, open-label study, 297 patients were initially treated with tacrolimus, mycophenolate sodium and prednisone. Of the 283 patients reaching 3 months, 97 were converted to sirolimus (SRL), 107 were maintained on tacrolimus (TAC) and 79 were patients receiving TAC without criteria to undergo intervention at month 3 (TACex). The primary objective was to show superior estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in the SRL group at month 24. Of the 258 patients who completed 24 months, 91 (94%) were in the SRL group, 101 (94%) in the TAC group and 66 (84%) in the TACex group. In the intention-to-treat population there were no differences in eGFR (66.2 ± 25.3 vs. 70.7 ± 25.1, p = 0.817) or in the severity of chronic sclerosing lesions scores in 24-month protocol biopsies. Higher mean urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio (0.36 ± 0.69 vs. 0.15 ± 0.53, p = 0.03) and higher incidence of treated acute rejection between months 3–24 (13.4% vs. 4.7%, p = 0.047) were observed in SRL compared to TAC group. In this population planned conversion from TAC to SRL 3 months after kidney transplantation was not associated with improved renal function at 24 months.
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Alberto Reino Buelvas