Saturday, June 25, 2011

Risk factors for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in kidney transplant recipients and appraisal of strategies for selective use of chemoprophylaxis

Risk factors for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in kidney transplant recipients and appraisal of strategies for selective use of chemoprophylaxis: "
M.G.J. de Boer, F.P. Kroon, S. le Cessie, J.W. de Fijter, J.T. van Dissel. Risk factors for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in kidney transplant recipients and appraisal of strategies for selective use of chemoprophylaxis. Transpl Infect Dis 2011. All rights reserved
Abstract: Risk stratification-based duration of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) chemoprophylaxis to prevent Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in kidney transplant recipients is not a universally adapted strategy and supporting evidence-based sources are limited. We performed a large retrospective study to identify risk factors for PCP in kidney transplant recipients and to define parameters for use in clinical prophylaxis guidelines. Fifty consecutive patients with confirmed PCP and 2 time-matched controls per case were enrolled.

Friday, June 3, 2011

Antibody-Mediated Rejection After Alemtuzumab Induction: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Predictors of Poor Outcome

Antibody-Mediated Rejection After Alemtuzumab Induction: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Predictors of Poor Outcome: "Background. Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is associated with allograft loss. Identification of factors associated with poor outcome has not been extensively studied.
Methods. We retrospectively studied 469 patients who received a negative crossmatch renal transplant with alemtuzumab induction. Forty-eight of 469 (10.2%) patients were treated for AMR. Thirty of 48 (62.5%) of the cases fulfilled the Banff criteria for definite AMR, whereas 18 of 48 (37.5%) were categorized as suspicious for AMR (tissue injury with C4d staining or donor-specific antibodies [DSAbs]). Sensitization, high human leukocyte antigen, and -DR mismatch were risk factors for the development of AMR (P=0.0016, 0.001, and 0.012, respectively).